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1980 Census of Population (Classic Reprint)

1980 Census of Population (Classic Reprint)
Название:
1980 Census of Population (Classic Reprint)
Язык:
Английский
Год:
2015
37
Ozon.ru
Excerpt from 1980 Census of PopulationThis report presents 1980 census data on the geographic distribution of Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States. Information on the total Asian and Pacific Islander population is shown for the United States, regions, divisions, and States. Data for the same areas are also presented for the Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Asian Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Hawaiian, Guamanian, Samoan, and "Other Asian and Pacific Islander" populations. In addition, the report identifies and presents figures for the groups comprising "Other Asian and Pacific Islander." This is the first census to identify the total Asian and Pacific Islander population and its subgroups.The statistics in this report differ from those published in 1980 Census of Population, Characteristics of the Population, General Population Characteristics, PC80-1-B and Supplementary Reports, "Race of the Population by States: 1980," PC80-S1-3. These earlier publications provided information based on 100-percent tabulations for the nine Asian and Pacific Islander groups listed in the race item on the 1980 census questionnaire. The 1980 data presented in the tables of this report are for the total Asian and Pacific Islander population and all its subgroups based on sample tabulations. (See appendix A for a discussion of the sampling.) Information for the Asian and Pacific Islander population was derived from answers to the 1980 census race item. (See facsimile of race item in the section "Definitions and Explanations.") The concept of race as used by the Census Bureau reflects self-identification by respondents; it does not denote any clear-cut scientific definition of biological stock. Furthermore, it is recognized that the categories of the race item included both racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. In the census, data on race were collected separately from ethnicity (ancestry) and country of birth. Since Asians and Pacific Islanders may be of any ethnic group or from any country, the information derived from the race item may differ from data collected on ancestry or country of birth which are presented in other 1980 census reports.Table 1 shows the 1980 census distribution of the Asian and Pacific Islander population and its subgroups for the United States, and each region, division, and State. The percent distribution, based on the data in table 1, is shown in table 2. Table 3 provides the 1980 and 1970 distributions and population ranks by State of the total Asian and Pacific Islander population. In table 4, 1980 figures on the Asian population and the component groups are shown for selected States. Comparable statistics for the Pacific Islander population are presented in table 5 for States with 400 or more Pacific Islanders.The Asian and Pacific Islander population numbered more than 3.7 million in 1980 showing a considerable increase over the 1970 figure of 1.5 million. Factors accounting for most of this increase are immigration of groups from Asia and the Islands of the Pacific during the last decade and changes in the census definition to include new groups immigrating to this country. As a consequence, the Asian and Pacific Islander population emerged as one of the fastest growing groups during the 1970's.During the decade, the Asian and Pacific Islander population increased their proportion of the total population from 0.8 percent in 1970 to 1.6 percent in 1980. Regionally, in 1980, Asians and Pacific Islanders constituted 5 percent of the total population in the West, 1 percent in the Northeast, and less than 1 percent in both the South and North Central regions.Seven States had 100,000 or more Asian and Pacific Islander persons in 1980. California, as in the 1970 census, ranked first in the number of Asians and Pacific Islanders (1.3 million) followed by Hawaii with nearly 600,000 and New York with over 330,000. 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